Surgeries are completed with a surgical scalpel; however, in some instances a low-frequency laser may be employed instead, according to Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology. The diseased tissue is trimmed and removed, the remaining gums are reattached in and around the teeth by sutures (stitches), and the area is cleaned with saline and special rinses. A local anesthetic is used to keep the patient comfortable during the procedure.
After the procedure is completed, a surgical dressing, or pack, is placed in and around the teeth and gums. This dressing is left in place for about a week. Swishing with an antibacterial mouthwash can help in the healing process.